Coir Fibre is one of the oldest natural fibres found in the world today. It has been in using for more a millennium though various coastal regions. Many household and industrial products are being made from this fibre. Coir is obtained from the fruit of the coconut tree. Strong water resistant fibres cover the inner fruit of the coconut. The inner white flesh of the fruit inside is covered by brown hard kernel. The fibrous layer forms a strong, shock-absorbing mesh which protects the seed from mechanical damage and is water-resistant. The individual fibre cells are narrow and hollow, with thick walls made of cellulose. They are pale when immature but later they become hardened and yellowed when a layer of lignin, a complex woody chemical, is deposited on their walls. Mature brown coir fibres contain more lignin and less cellulose than fibres such as flax and cotton and so are stronger but less flexible. White fibre is smoother and finer than the harder brown fibre but is also weaker. The coir fibre is relatively water-proof and is the only natural fibre resistant to damage by salt water.
Coconut trees are found throughout the coastal regions of different parts of the world. Some of the main regions include the Indo-Malaysian region, on the Ivory Coast, Dahomey and Togo, West Africa and in Mozambique, Kenya, Tanzania and Central and South America. Coconut palms are among the most useful plants grown by people, providing valuable commodities in the form of copra (dried coconut flesh) and oil, as well as building material, thatch, food, drink and ornament. Total world coir fibre production is 250,000 tonnes. The coir fibre industry is particularly important in some areas of the developing world. India, mainly the coastal region of Kerala State, produces 60% of the total world supply of white coir fibre. Sri Lanka produces 36% of the total world brown fibre output. Over 50% of the coir fibre produced annually throughout the world is consumed in the countries of origin, mainly India.
Post time: 11-15-2017