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Cold Welder

The cold welder is a tool to joint non-ferrous metals and alloys without using heat, fillers or fluxes. All round wires, flat wires, sector wires and other hetero wires can be welded. This series of cold welders can weld copper wires, aluminum wires, copper-clad aluminum wires and all kinds of alloy wires. The wires after welded remain the resistivity. The tensile strength even become stronger than before.

Introduction

Electrical cable is used as the intermediate link to connect each functional parts of the whole electronic system. Any loose contact or low quality welding joint will threaten the operation security of entire system. Cold welder is mainly used in wire drawing process. 

Applied Material

Generally, the cold welder is suitable for metal wires with low hardness and good ductility like aluminum wires and copper (alloy) wires. 

Welding Classification

The welding process is simple and easy to operate, mainly including cold welding and hot welding. Cold welding is a method to achieve solid-state welding through applying pressure to make metal strong plastic deformation at room temperature. The applied pressure generally should be higher than the material yield strength to deform by 60%~90%.

And the hot welding is carried out higher than the room temperature between 100~300℃.

Under the cold welding, the oxide or other pollutant on the surface of aluminum and copper are broken and removed under the pressure. 

The bonding surface of aluminum and copper neither produce welding defect assosiated with melting and solidification, nor melt occur.

When using hot welding, the joints are generally not required to be cleaned before welding, and the welding heating temperature is lower than the eutectic point of aluminum and copper, and the aluminum and copper base materials are not melted. In the formation of aluminum and copper mechanical mixing zone, increase the pressure to improve the microstructure, can refine the compound, and improve the strength of the joint.

Matched Dies and Maintenance

1. The dies for cold welder are made by high quality steel and treated by vaccum quenching. Its hardness is about HRC 56 ~ 60 with the characteristics of small deformation and wear resistance. When using, in addition to selecting a die that matches the wire specifications, in order to extend the service life of the die and achieve a better welding result, the maintenance is also very important. 

2. It is necessary to take it apart and wipe it with a clean white cloth every day after using (We suggest using compressed air to blow away the dirt inside the dies ) to ensure no foreign bodies in the four small blocks and the column pin cannot be rusted. Especially in relatively humid coastal areas, the dies should be sprayed with lubricants when not used for a long time, and should not be wrapped with a damp cloth to prevent rust.

In the case of daily use, you only need to wipe it clean but bot with any lubricant. The wire groove in dies is very important, wipe it clean every day to prevent the wire groove from rusting. If there is oil or dirt on the wire head during wiring, clean it before wiring.

If it has not been connected more than 20 times, take out the die and clean inside of it, then continue.

Technical Parameter and Advantages

We provide hand-held welder(LT-10A), table type welder(LT-3B,LT-4A) and hydraulic type welder(LT-1510B, LT-2013B)

Welding range and application material are as the following table:

Model

LT-10A

LT-3B

LT-4A

LT-1510B

LT-2013B

Range of Wire(mm)

Cu: Φ0.05-Φ0.50

Cu: Φ0.80-Φ4.00

Cu: Φ0.80-Φ4.20

Cu: Φ3-Φ10

Cu: Φ5-Φ12.5

Cu Alloy: Φ5-Φ8

Al: Φ0.07-Φ0.50

Al: Φ0.80-Φ5.50

Al: Φ0.80-Φ5.30

Al Alloy: Φ1.00-Φ4.00

Al: Φ3-Φ15

Al: Φ5-Φ18

Al Alloy: Φ5-Φ9.50

The quality of cold welding is better than the traditional method with the following advantages:

(1) No need to treat the welding part ends before welding.

(2)No need to heat during welding process, no silver welding pads needed, which can save energy, reduce production costs, and with a relatively clean working environment.

(3) Cold welding directly put the wires into the die, the operation is relatively convenient and simple, easy to master.

(4) Compared with resistance welding, the cold welding head has smaller flash which is easy to remove and smooth.

(5) There is no welding heat affected zone on the cold welding head, and no softening zone and brittle metal mesophase. Therefore, the joint has excellent properties such as conductivity and corrosion resistance.

(6) The joint is strengthened due to deformation and hardening during cold welding. The strength of the welded joint shall not be lower than base material.

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